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Volume 76, Issue 3


Washington and Lee Law Review Editorial Board


November 15, 2019


Volume 76, Issue 3


Social Activism Through Shareholder Activism

Lisa M. Fairfax

In 1952, the SEC altered the shareholder proposal rule to exclude proposals made “primarily for the purpose of promoting general economic, political, racial, religious, social or similar causes.”

Civil Rights and Shareholder Activism: SEC v. Medical Committee for Human Rights

Sarah C. Haan

What does “corporate democracy” mean? How far does federal law go to guarantee public company investors a say in a firm’s policies on important social, environmental, or political issues?

From Public Policy to Materiality: Non-Financial Reporting, Shareholder Engagement, and Rule 14a-8’s Ordinary Business Exception

Virginia Harper Ho

In 2017, shareholder proposals urging corporate boards to report on their climate-related risk made headlines when they earned majority support from investors at ExxonMobil, Occidental Petroleum, and PPL.

Chancery’s Greatest Decision: Historical Insights on Civil Rights and the Future of Shareholder Activism

Omari Scott Simmons

Shareholder activism—using an equity stake in a corporation to influence management—has become a popular tool to effectuate social change in the twenty-first century.


Left with No Name: How Government Action in Intra-Church Trademark Disputes Violates the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment

Mary Kate Nicholson

The United States was founded in part on the principle of freedom of religion, where citizens were free to practice any religion. The founding fathers felt so strongly about this principle that it was incorporated into the First Amendment.

Reaching Through the “Ghost Doxer:” An Argument for Imposing Secondary Liability on Online Intermediaries

Natalia Homchick

Imagine you have decided to run for office, to speak out publicly against an injustice, to enter the job market, or even to join a new online forum. Now, imagine after starting your chosen endeavor, you go online to discover that someone who disagrees with your position posted your personal information on the internet.


76 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. _____ (2019)